Delphi 集合的用法

减小字体 增大字体 作者:佚名  来源:转载  发布时间:2011-08-04 21:37:55

本文来自:http://www.cnblogs.com/zhangzhifeng/archive/2011/08/03/2126010.html

unit Unit4;

interface

uses
  Windows, Messages, SysUtils, Variants, Classes, Graphics, Controls, Forms,
  Dialogs, StdCtrls;

type
  TEnum = (One, Two, Three, Four, Five, Six, Seven, Eight, Nine, Ten);
  TSetEnum = set of TEnum;
  TForm4 = class(TForm)
    GroupBox1: TGroupBox;
    Button1: TButton;
    Button2: TButton;
    GroupBox2: TGroupBox;
    Button3: TButton;
    Button4: TButton;
    Button5: TButton;
    Button6: TButton;
    Button7: TButton;
    Button8: TButton;
    Button9: TButton;
    procedure Button1Click(Sender: TObject);
    procedure Button2Click(Sender: TObject);
    procedure Button3Click(Sender: TObject);
    procedure Button5Click(Sender: TObject);
    procedure Button6Click(Sender: TObject);
    procedure Button7Click(Sender: TObject);
    procedure Button4Click(Sender: TObject);
    procedure Button8Click(Sender: TObject);
    procedure Button9Click(Sender: TObject);
  private
    SetEnum, SetEnum1, SetEnum2: TSetEnum ;
    { Private declarations }
  public
    { Public declarations }
  end;

var
  Form4: TForm4;

implementation

{$R *.dfm}

procedure TForm4.Button1Click(Sender: TObject);
var
  s1, s2: string;
begin
  s1 := 'aaa';
  s2 := s1;
  s2 := 'bbb';
  ShowMessage('字符串S1的值:  ' + s1 + ' ; 字符串S2的值: ' + S2);

end;

procedure TForm4.Button2Click(Sender: TObject);
var
  A1, A2: array of string;
begin
  SetLength(A1, 1);
  A1[0] := 'aaa';
  A2 := A1;
  A2[0] := 'bbb';
  ShowMessage('数组A1的值:' + A1[0]+ ' ;数组A2的值:' + A2[0]);
end;

//初始化
procedure TForm4.Button3Click(Sender: TObject);
begin
  SetEnum  :=  [one, Two];
  SetEnum1 := [Three, Nine, Ten]
end;

//集合减少
procedure TForm4.Button5Click(Sender: TObject);
begin
  SetEnum := SetEnum - [Two];
end;

//集合增加
procedure TForm4.Button6Click(Sender: TObject);
begin
  SetEnum := SetEnum + [Three];
end;

//集合减少
procedure TForm4.Button7Click(Sender: TObject);
begin
  Exclude(SetEnum, One);
end;

//集合增加
procedure TForm4.Button4Click(Sender: TObject);
begin
  Include(SetEnum, Four);
  Include(SetEnum, Ten);
end;

//执行校验
procedure TForm4.Button8Click(Sender: TObject);
begin
  if One in SetEnum then
  begin
    ShowMessage('Exclude函数执行失败');
  end
  else if Two in SetEnum then
  begin
    ShowMessage('SetEnum - [Two]执行失败');
  end
  else if not (Three in SetEnum) then
  begin
    ShowMessage('SetEnum + [Three]执行失败');
  end
  else if not (Four in SetEnum) then
  begin
    ShowMessage('Include函数执行失败');
  end

  else if not (ten in SetEnum) then
  begin
    ShowMessage('Include函数执行失败');
  end
  else
  begin
    ShowMessage('执行成功!');
  end;
end;

//取得集合的交集
procedure TForm4.Button9Click(Sender: TObject);
begin
  SetEnum2 := SetEnum1 * SetEnum;
  if Three in SetEnum2 then
  begin
    ShowMessage('交集成功执行成功');
  end;
end;

end.

————————————————————————————————

object Form4: TForm4
  Left = 359
  Top = 186
  Width = 558
  Height = 418
  Caption = 'Form4'
  Color = clBtnFace
  Font.Charset = DEFAULT_CHARSET
  Font.Color = clWindowText
  Font.Height = -11
  Font.Name = 'MS Sans Serif'
  Font.Style = []
  OldCreateOrder = False
  PixelsPerInch = 96
  TextHeight = 13
  object GroupBox1: TGroupBox
    Left = 24
    Top = 16
    Width = 209
    Height = 145
    Caption = '字符串和数组的的应用'
    TabOrder = 0
    object Button1: TButton
      Left = 24
      Top = 40
      Width = 169
      Height = 25
      Caption = '字符串的引用'
      TabOrder = 0
      OnClick = Button1Click
    end
    object Button2: TButton
      Left = 24
      Top = 88
      Width = 169
      Height = 25
      Caption = '数组的引用'
      TabOrder = 1
      OnClick = Button2Click
    end
  end
  object GroupBox2: TGroupBox
    Left = 238
    Top = 22
    Width = 307
    Height = 139
    Caption = '集合的应用'
    TabOrder = 1
    object Button3: TButton
      Left = 24
      Top = 24
      Width = 80
      Height = 25
      Caption = '集合初始化'
      TabOrder = 0
      OnClick = Button3Click
    end
    object Button4: TButton
      Left = 216
      Top = 68
      Width = 80
      Height = 25
      Caption = '集合增加2'
      TabOrder = 1
      OnClick = Button4Click
    end
    object Button5: TButton
      Left = 112
      Top = 28
      Width = 80
      Height = 25
      Caption = '集合减少1'
      TabOrder = 2
      OnClick = Button5Click
    end
    object Button6: TButton
      Left = 216
      Top = 28
      Width = 80
      Height = 25
      Caption = '集合增加1'
      TabOrder = 3
      OnClick = Button6Click
    end
    object Button7: TButton
      Left = 112
      Top = 68
      Width = 80
      Height = 25
      Caption = '集合减少2'
      TabOrder = 4
      OnClick = Button7Click
    end
    object Button8: TButton
      Left = 24
      Top = 72
      Width = 81
      Height = 25
      Caption = '检测集合值'
      TabOrder = 5
      OnClick = Button8Click
    end
    object Button9: TButton
      Left = 120
      Top = 104
      Width = 81
      Height = 25
      Caption = '集合的交集'
      TabOrder = 6
      OnClick = Button9Click
    end
  end
end

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